After the collapsed of the Indonesian authoritarian regime in 1998, the Government of Indonesia ratified both the United Nations Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the United Nations Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading
Treatment or Punishment (CAT). However, the further commitment still not being committed by the Government of Indonesia, there are remains several cores of problem in the issue of torture in Indonesia such as:First, the Government is still using capital punishment as a ‘deterrence’ against illicit drugs, premeditated murder and terrorism offences. Second, the use of caning as a form of corporal punishment continues in Aceh province under the justification of sharia in
contravention to the Government of Indonesia’s commitment to the CAT and ICCPR. Third, there remains a lack of commitment in the internal security forces to prosecute the perpetrators of torture, reinforcing the culture of impunity for perpetrators. Fourth, the government’s plans to strengthen the use of force in order to combat terrorism through legislation amendments and policies in Indonesia.
Since 2010, KontraS has been actively monitoring the situation and practice of torture in Indonesia. Our monitoring activities has documented at least 28 cases of torture involving police or military personnel. That figure has increased ever since, reaching 167 cases in 2016-2017. The perpetrators have varied to include correctional officers/warden. We have also found that in 2017 the majority of the victims were 15 to 25 years of age.
In many cases, the victims’ families were also subjected to psychological pressure to dissuade them from filing a report or to continue with prosecution. One recent example is the case involving Izak from Woner village in Kimaam district. He died after being allegedly tortured by military personnel in Yalet. The military approached his family with a request to not pursue the case legally, a statement to sign, and IDR 50,000,000 (fifty million rupiahs). At other times, the authorities would reject the report filed by family members or delay the follow up. Disheartened, the family would eventually “give up” in the middle of ongoing legal process.
Source: the Commission for the Disappeared and Victims of Violence (KontraS)